English Major Guide
The major’s program of study encourages an accumulation of skills as the means to many kinds of futures.
Some majors proceed to graduate study in English or other advanced literary or humanist studies; others go on to careers in medicine, law, freelance writing, teaching, publishing, social work, or business. Some English majors concentrate their electives on biology, psychology, or economics, in preparation for law or medicine or other careers for which the English major can supply essential skills in textual analysis, logic, cultural history, and persuasive argumentation. Other English majors choose to be double majors, combining English for example with Psychology, Biology, or Art History (although double majors must plan carefully to complete their degrees in four years). The major in English at Cornell prepares students for a wide range of intellectual and professional pursuits, and does so by combining innovative and traditional fields and approaches.
Many students supplement their formal coursework in English by attending public lectures and poetry readings sponsored by the department or by writing for campus literary magazines (visit Activities). Occasionally, visiting writers will be included in coursework, so students have the opportunity to interact with an author whose work they have been exploring (visit the department Events page).
Admission to the Major
There are no prerequisites for admission to the English major. Visit the Planning a Program of Study section below for course advice for first-year and sophomore prospective majors.
How to Apply: Declare the English Major
- Request a Declaration of Major form and schedule a meeting with the Director of Undergraduate Studies (DUS) by sending an email to the Undergraduate Program Coordinator (Aurora Ricardo, firstname.lastname@example.org). The DUS meets with students during their office hours in the weeks when classes are in session and during exam weeks.
- Ask an English professor to be your major advisor and obtain email confirmation that they have agreed.
- Ideally you will have a major advisor confirmed prior to your meeting with the DUS. (Consider professors with whom you have taken a class and/or with whom you share an academic interest.)
- If you do not have an advisor confirmed, you can still schedule a meeting with the DUS and submit your completed Declaration of Major form.
- The DUS can help you choose an advisor if you do not have one in mind. It may also be helpful to check the faculty bios on the English website for potential advisors, where you can see subdisciplines listed, to find faculty that may share your interests.
- Submit your documents at least 24 hours prior to your meeting.
- Once you have a scheduled meeting with the DUS, send your completed Declaration of Major form and your major advisor’s confirmation email (or have them email directly) to the DUS (Professor Masha Raskolnikov, email@example.com) and the Undergraduate Program Coordinator (Aurora Ricardo, firstname.lastname@example.org).
Please note: Your English major declaration will not be complete until the Undergraduate Coordinator has confirmation that the DUS has approved your application and that an English professor has agreed to be your major advisor.
Requirements for the Major
Major requirements for students matriculating in Fall 2022 and later:
Students matriculating in 2021 may choose to follow either these requirements or those listed for students matriculating in 2020 or earlier.
Ten full-semester courses in Literatures in English or related fields
A minimum of seven full-semester courses must be ENGL courses.
Students are required to take the following courses from different categories within the course offerings of Literatures in English:
- Pre-1800: two courses must be from courses in which at least half of the material consists of literature written in English before 1800, studied in the original.
- Post-1800: two courses must be from courses in which at least half of the material consists of literature written in English after 1800.
Of either the pre- or post-1800 courses, the following further requirements apply:
- Two courses must be focused on Literatures of the Americas, at least one of which must cover the following fields: American Indian or Indigenous, African American, Asian American & Asian Pacific Islander, or Latinx.
- One course must be focused on literatures of the Global South (African Literatures in English, African Diaspora Literatures in English, Asian Diaspora Literatures in English, Caribbean Literatures in English, South Asian Literatures in English).
Courses may qualify for multiple categories, but students may use a single course to fulfill no more than two of the four categories above.
- 4000-level: two courses must be at the 4000-level or above. The 4000-level requirement may only be satisfied with ENGL seminar courses.
- Concentration: three courses must form an intellectually coherent “concentration.”
- Concentrations are defined by students in consultation with their advisors. Concentrations might feature historical periods or regions of literatures in English (including those required as above), particular genres, or particular approaches. Possible concentrations include creative writing; medieval literature; Renaissance literature; African diaspora literatures; literatures of the Americas before 1900; poetry; twentieth-century literatures in English; literary theory; gender and sexuality studies; film and media; drama; etc.
- Students must receive a grade of C or better in a course to count it toward the major.
- Courses must be 3 credits or higher to count toward the major unless otherwise noted.
- No more than two courses of non-Cornell credit per semester may be applied to the major (this restriction includes study abroad under Cornell auspices).
- ENGL 4930 - Honors Essay Tutorial I - ENGL 4940 - Honors Essay Tutorial II may be counted toward the required 10 full-semester courses but may not be used to satisfy other categories of requirements.
All cross-listed courses may count for the major, as may up to three courses at the 3000 level or above from other departments or academic units if focused on literatures not originally in English. Other courses may count only with the approval of the Director of Undergraduate Studies.
Students who matriculated in 2021 may choose to follow either these requirements or those listed for students matriculating in 2022 or later.
- 40 credit hours of English courses or related fields
- A minimum of 28 credit hours must be ENGL courses.
Students are required to take the following number of courses from different categories within the English course offerings:
- Pre-1800: 12 credits (three courses) must be from courses in which 50 percent or more of the material consists of literature originally written in English before 1800. The sole exception to this rule is ENGL 3280 - The Bible as Literature which, although not originally written in English, may be used to satisfy the pre-1800 requirement. English courses that satisfy the pre-1800 requirement are so designated in the Courses of Study. Courses outside of the department may be used with permission of the DUS.
- 4000-level: 8 credits (two courses) must be at the 4000-level or above. The 4000-level requirement may only be satisfied with ENGL seminar courses.
- Concentration: 12 credits (three courses) must form an intellectually coherent “concentration.”
- Students select their concentration in consultation with their major advisor.
- To receive credit towards the major, students must receive a grade of C or better within a course.
- A maximum of 12 of the 40 required credit hours may come from appropriate courses originating in departments and programs other than English, provided they are at the 3000-level or above. Upper level courses (3000 or above) in literature and creative writing offered by academic units representing neighboring or allied disciplines (German Studies, Romance Studies, Asian Studies, Classics, Comparative Literature, Africana Studies, the Society for the Humanities, American Studies, Feminist, Gender, & Sexuality Studies, Religious Studies, Asian American Studies, American Indian and Indigenous Studies, Jewish Studies, Latina/o Studies, and Performance and Media Arts) are routinely counted toward the 40 hours of major credit. Many 2000-level literature courses in which the material is read in the original language may also be counted toward the English major. Majors should discuss the use of non-English courses for major credit with their faculty advisor or the DUS.
- No more than 8 credits per semester of non-Cornell credit may be applied to the English major. This restriction applies to study abroad even when that study is conducted under Cornell auspices.
- ENGL 4930 - Honors Essay Tutorial I - ENGL 4940 - Honors Essay Tutorial II may be counted toward the 40 required credit hours in the major, but they may not be used to satisfy the pre-1800, 4000-level seminar, or concentration requirements.
- All 2000-level ENGL courses (with the exception of 2800-2810 and 2880-2890) count for the major, as do all 3000- and 4000-level courses. Courses from other departments that are crosslisted with ENGL courses qualify for major credit. Courses used for the English major may also be used to meet distribution requirements in the College of Arts and Sciences.
Planning a Program of Study
Few students know from the moment they decide to major in English exactly what they wish to study; span of studies is as important as following particular connections. The requirements of the English major are designed to provide a flexible framework for increasing skills in literary analysis, research, and writing; within that framework, the “concentration” and the Honors Program provide two further ways to shape the pursuit of the major.
English majors are expected to regularly discuss their overall program of study with their faculty major advisors. The effort of creating or discovering a coherent pattern in the courses selected is itself a valuable part of a literary education, and the department expects students to choose courses with an eye to breadth and variety as well as focus and coherence.
First-year students may wish to enroll in a section of ENGL 1270, Writing about Literature, the First-Year Writing Seminar (FWS) designed for prospective majors. Like other writing seminars, this course develops skills for critical reading and effective writing. ENGL 1270 is open to all second-term freshmen, and to first-term freshmen with scores of 700 or above on the College Entrance Examination Board Tests in English composition or literature, or 5 on the Advanced Placement Examination in English.
Most students considering the English major begin with one of the department’s survey courses, which are open to all students. ENGL 2010 and 2020, The English Literary Tradition I and II, provide a survey of British writers. ENGL 2030 and 2040 survey American literature. Several other introductory courses (at the 2000 level) are offered each semester, introducing such topics as modern theory, major writers, and various literary genres.
Creative Writing Courses
Students interested in developing their skills as writers can participate in workshop courses in expository and creative writing.
ENGL 2800/2810, Creative Writing, and ENGL 2880/2890, Expository Writing, are open to students who have completed their First-Year Writing Seminar requirement and are also suitable preparation for the major. These particular 2000-level courses, however, do not count towards English major credit. ENGL 2800/2810 is a prerequisite for 3000-level creative writing courses, which do count for the major. As a rule, a student may not enroll in more than one such course per semester, although exceptions are sometimes allowed if one of these is ENGL 2880/2890.
An expository writing course can, with permission of the John S. Knight Institute for Writing in the Disciplines, count as a FWS. Creative Writing courses do not count for First-Year Writing Seminar credit.
Junior Fall Form
English majors fill out the Junior Fall form by the end of the first semester of their junior year. Students meet with their major advisor to complete the form, making sure they are on track to meet all requirements of the major by their expected graduation date.
Students who have done superior work in English are encouraged to seek admission to the department’s program leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts with Distinction in English. Completing the English major with honors allows students to independently study a topic they choose and to write a researched, critical paper of at least 40 pages.
As an English major, you are strongly encouraged to take advantage of the many opportunities for study abroad. For information about studying abroad as an Arts & Sciences student visit the Arts & Sciences Study Abroad website.
English majors may seek to study at a foreign institution, usually during their junior year. Some may spend a single semester away from campus, others an entire year. The Office of Global Learning has information on a variety of programs at universities around the world. Many English majors pursuing such studies go to the United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries, but some choose non-English speaking locations. As long as they continue to meet all college and department requirements, studying abroad can be readily fit into the English major.
English majors must confer with the DUS in advance of going abroad, as the College will send the study abroad application to the DUS for approval. This meeting will include a review of catalogue descriptions of courses that the student expects to take while abroad (along with alternates). To schedule a meeting with the DUS, contact the Undergraduate Coordinator (Aurora Ricardo, email@example.com).
English honors students planning on spending the entire junior year abroad should discuss their plans with the Director of the Honors Program in English before leaving campus.
Credit for literature courses taken abroad can in most cases be applied to the 40-hour minimum for the major, the concentration and pre-1800 requirements. Requests to apply credit for study abroad to the English major cannot be granted by the student's major advisor (see How to Obtain Transfer Credit section for more information).
No more than 16 credits per year, or 8 credits per semester, of non-Cornell credit may be applied to the major. This restriction applies to study abroad even when that study is conducted under Cornell auspices.
Preparation for Graduate Study in English
Students intending to pursue graduate work in English should investigate the requirements of schools offering programs to which they think they might apply. Faculty advisors and the DUS are available for consultation. Majors considering a Ph.D. in English should give special attention to language preparation in planning their undergraduate study; most graduate programs require reading knowledge of at least one foreign language (usually French or German), and sometimes two or more. Some programs require knowledge of Latin. A broad program of undergraduate study in English is advisable since most graduate programs in English require students to demonstrate a wide knowledge of the major authors and periods of British and American literature. Grounding in literary theory and some exposure to the critical tradition is also highly desirable.